Deutsche Bank warns of a 20% bear market in 2023

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Deutsche Bank made waves on Tuesday when its economists became the first of the major Wall Street analysts to say the U.S. economy would soon go into recession.

“Two shocks in recent months, the war in Ukraine and the build-up of momentum in elevated U.S. and European inflation, have caused us to revise down our forecast for global growth significantly,” Deutsche Bank economists, led by David Folkerts-Landau and Peter Hooper, wrote in a 68-page note to clients. “We are now projecting a recession in the U.S. and a growth recession in the euro area within the next two years.“

But it does reflect mounting concerns about the economy, especially as the Federal Reserve moves aggressively to cool business activity in its efforts to fight inflation. And last week’s inversion of the 2s10s yield curve — a metric with a pretty good track record of predicting recessions — only emboldened those expecting economic growth to turn negative.

Bearish scenario in stock market with bear figure in front of red price drop chart.

And as TKer readers know, recessions are not great for stocks. The S&P 500 has on average fallen by around 20%-30% during these periods.¹

Deutsche Bank sees the stock market following the historical playbook. From the bank’s equity strategist Binky Chadha (emphasis Chadha’s):

We maintain our forecasts for the S&P 500 (5250) and the Stoxx 600 (550) for year-end 2022; with a typical recession correction of 20% in late 2023. Our projections for equity demand-supply this year suggest equities should be well supported by strong inflows, a recovery in positioning to at least somewhat above neutral and buybacks, but this support should start to slow with growth in the second half of next year. We see some but limited impacts on European earnings from the Russia-Ukraine war and multiples recovering. In 2023, we expect equity markets to hold up well through the summer before the US falls into recession and for equities to correct by a typical 20% as it begins, before bottoming half-way through and recovering prior levels.

It may be easier for clients to swallow a 20% drop in stock prices when you call it a “correction.” But in case there’s any confusion, a 20% decline is more popularly referred to as a bear market.

Reality check 🙋🏻‍♂️⚠️

I’m not going to tell you a recession isn’t likely, in the same way I wouldn’t tell you that bear markets aren’t likely.

Recessions happen. And big sell-offs and bear markets happen. This is what you sign up for when you invest in the stock market.

But I’d caution against attempting to time the market (i.e., attempting to sell at the top and buy at the bottom). Most professionals haven’t even been able to do this successfully.

Some of the biggest short-term gains in the market occur during periods of elevated volatility. So, those who mistime the market will end up missing on important gains that can do irreparable damage to long-term returns.

And history says there’s only a very brief window between when stock prices peak and when recessions occur, which means the risk is high that you sell too early.

“In the past, the S&P has made gains up until 6 months before the start of a recession,” Andrew Garthwaite, head of global equity strategy for Credit Suisse, wrote in a note to clients on Tuesday.

Unfortunately, the information in Garthwaite’s chart might be tradable only if you know exactly when the recession will start. And that is virtually impossible to do.

By the way, if you do decide to take a stab at timing the market and try to sell to avoid what may or may not be a sell-off tied to a recession, make sure you have a plan for buying back in. Remember: There is a chance stocks never fall below the price at which you might’ve sold.

Relevant reading from TKer:

1. These averages vary depending on how far you go back in history and how you qualify the price moves that can be associated with each recession. However you measure it, it’s all bad.

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